Feb. 18, 2013
Lincoln and Freedom of Press
Lincoln was always a supporter of the freedom of Press. The Judge challenged Lincoln before the war, but Lincoln ignored. Lincoln would soon have that Judge would soon have him arrested. People began to destroy printing presses in rebellion. While a mob was destroying an editor’s printing press and killing him afterwards; Lincoln saw this and rose up which sparked his presidential campaign. Even though they destroyed most newspapers, most Pro-slavery papers where left alone; the biggest being the Daily News. Lincoln soon became the Commander of Chief being this rebellious time. In states like New York, people stopped volunteering and protesting the war as the newspaper said the war was a waste of time. As the war continued both Confederate and Union, states would burn the newspapers of the town they would take over. As a result Lincoln then had these publishers arrested he also had John Mayer arrested as well. Lincoln hot his first taste of the press was when he took his first job as a postmaster. Lincoln received many newspapers both Democratic and Republican, they were sent from Springfield; so instead of delivering newspapers he would read them then deliver them. Some say that this publication is what led him to follow his path to become president. Lincoln believed that the overreaction of the South was inevitable so he could not change the fact. Newspapers in Pennsylvania “The Christian Observer” wrote outlandish lies about the Union saying that they committed vast crimes such as stealing, rape of women, and murder of children for their own amusement. Freedom of press has been a big involvement in Lincoln life; it motivated him to become president, it fueled the war that made him famous, and it spread the word of freedom and of his victory.
Feb. 11, 2013
The roles of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Samuel Adams where very important to the process of establishing free press in America as we view it today. George Washington as we all know lead America’s army in the Revolutionary War. He also greatly impacted the world of the printing press. As he was fighting for our rights to freedom others where printing papers spreading the word of his greatness. George Washington was viewed by some Americans as a king, but he said he would correct them by saying he was not. Our free press would not be as free as it is now if George Washington had not leaded the American soldiers to victory. Samuel Adams was an American statesman and political philosopher; he was also one of America’s founding fathers. Samuel Adams was said to fuel the fire that lead to the Revolutionary War. His circular letter in 1768 encouraged the British to have their soldiers go into Boston; which then lead to the Boston massacre. He then had a picture made of the massacre and had it printed and sent around. This was the spark that started the war. Samuel Adams was also said to have encouraged mob violence to get his point across where just printing it could not. He then took his seat with the other Revolutionary leaders as they signed the Declaration of Independence. This made it possible for all of us to print about whatever we wanted. Thomas Jefferson was also a Founding Father; he was the main author for the Declaration of Independence. He was sentence “All men are created equal” is said to be one of the sentences in the English language. Thomas Jefferson contribution to our Independence may have been one of the most important. Thomas Jefferson always supported the idea of freedom for Americans. Our freedom of press may have not have happened if Thomas Jefferson would not have been around to write the Declaration. In fact the three of these men each contributed to our freedom of press in sequence; Samuel Adams started a war, George Washington ended the war, and Thomas Jefferson wrote up the document to verify our freedom.